Online teaching is taking off, but for teachers who are used to the classroom, it can be an adjustment. Connecting via webcam isn't always easy and it takes creativity to keep students stimulated!
You might find that you need a completely different teaching skillset online than you would in-person.
With most students taking online lessons outside regular school hours and at home (a.k.a surrounded by potential distractions!), keeping them engaged, motivated, and interested in their English lessons can be one of the biggest challenges online teachers face.
The question most of us online teachers ask ourselves at least once is: "How do I make my lessons fun and engaging for my students?".
Great news, we've got the answer! Let's dive right in then.
How can you balance teaching your students with fun and engaging teaching activities?
Luckily, there are plenty of tips and tricks to help you increase engagement in the classroom:
- Break down the lesson and make it digestible.
- Adapt in-class activities to the virtual classroom.
- Make your students feel valued.
- Set goals and help students stick to them.
- Use technology to your advantage.
- Present your best (online) self.
- Bring fun into the classroom.
- Be patient with your students.
1. Break down the lesson and make it digestible.
Before we get down to the fun and games, it's best to start by working on timing.
Timing is crucial in online teaching, and you might find you need to break up your online lessons differently than you would face-to-face ones.
As a general rule, it's a good idea to keep a fast pace and break down information into small, easily digestible chunks. In practical terms, this means to steer clear of lengthy explanations and slides with too much text!
Mixing up the tempo of your lessons by adding a variety of activity types is also a great way to make the time fly by for your students.
2. Adapt in-class activities to the virtual classroom.
In a face-to-face class, it's typical to give students some quiet reflection time to work alone or read a text. But these kinds of activities don't translate well in online classrooms.
Long, dense texts are challenging to read on a screen (see earlier point about breaking things into chunks ) And, silence just doesn't translate that well in virtual classrooms it provides the perfect excuse for a student's attention to drift elsewhere!
Planning activities that keep your students actively clicking, typing or talking throughout the lesson is the way to go. You can do this by asking lots of questions, including games and making sure learners have to physically do things like use drawing tools or typing in dialogue boxes.
And when you're planning your lesson, remember that as an online teacher, you make sure your student has to say something every three minutes or so.
3. Make your students feel valued.
For students studying in online classrooms, isolation can be a huge factor in making them feel demotivated. They might think that no one will notice or care if they miss a class, or find it all too tempting to not log in to the classroom if they're feeling tired.
The best way online teachers can help remedy this is by making their students feel valued in the classroom. How do I do that, you ask? Here are some suggestions:
- It's a basic one, but learn your student's name and use their name throughout the lesson, and make sure they learn yours
- Follow up on what you did in previous lessons so your students know that you're on top of what they're learning (and they should be too)
- Find out about your student's interests and incorporate them into the lesson where possible
- Give regular feedback on your students' work
- Aim to be a positive, encouraging presence
4. Set goals and help your students stick to them.
Another way to help online students stay on track with their studies (and keep a sense of purpose) is to set goals and remind them of their progress.
Setting goals for online learners
One simple way to introduce short-term goals into your online classroom is to make sure each lesson has a clear outline that you share with your student so they know where they are in the learning process and the context for any activity they are doing.
Then think about how you might reward students for finishing tasks (or, even better, for working hard) during a lesson. You could try positive feedback, badges, points, playing games or doing other fun learning activities your students would like.
When it comes to long-term goals, going too far into the future might not be effective, but try taking time now and then to check in with your students and set goals together for the next month, three months, or six months down the line.
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Progress checks for online learners
For short-term progress checks, make sure you build continuity between lessons by doing quick revisions or quizzes on previous topics.
A great way to remind students of their long-term progress is by building up a portfolio of work with them so they can look back themselves and see how far they've come.
One way of doing this online is to start an achievement page. If you are teaching kids, every time they achieve something, you can go to the achievement page and ask them to draw something that reminds them of what they've learned (you might want to make it an achievement tree they can add to or a trophy shelf.) With teens or adult learners, you might prefer asking them to write something. As the course progresses, the page will fill up with reminders of successes and proud moments for your students.
5. Use technology to your advantage!
Teaching online comes with its challenges, but it also put a whole load of really cool tools at your fingertips. Whether it's discussion boards, pointers, virtual games, text editor, drawing tools, file editors, breakout rooms, or screen-sharing tools, you can use the technology you have to add variety to your lessons and keep students on their toes.
First of all, make sure you know how to use these virtual tools and take time to explain them to students, so they feel confident with them too. Then think about how you might use them to liven up your lessons. For example, you could use them as a reward (there is no kid out there whose eyes don't light up at the prospect of 30 seconds of free play on a drawing tool!) or engage different senses and skills among your students.
6. Present your best (online) self.
All teachers need to think about how they present themselves in the classroom. Looking neat, organized, and confident will inspire a certain amount of respect from your students. But online teachers might need to approach this slightly differently than in-person teachers.
If your students can see you via a webcam, make sure that not only do you look presentable, but the location you're in does too. And that's just the first step! If students can see your face, it's going to be 100 times more motivating for them if you look engaged and interested in what they are saying (even if sometimes this requires all your saintly teacher patience!)
Also, your visual materials must be up to scratch, so make sure your slides look clean and clear and any videos you use are good quality.
A one-note lesson will quickly become boring. So try changing the tone of your voice to introduce new activities or mix up the tempo of your class. Practice different skills like telling stories, giving instructions, and giving praise out loud to see how animating your voice can make a difference.
And, again, make sure any audio clips you plan to use a good quality.
Finally, this might be stating the obvious, but make sure you can teach your online lessons from somewhere with a reliable internet connection. Nothing will have students switching off quicker than a crackly connection that keeps on cutting out.
7. Bring fun into the classroom.
So the good news is, just like in any face-to-face classroom, the real key to getting your online students involved is to find out what motivates them and give them their reason to be engaged in the classroom. You may find that the mediums that work best in the real-life classroom, also work in an online environment.
Whether it's music, chatting about a particular subject, connecting what you're doing to the real world, or just being allowed to go to town on the drawing tool, don't be afraid to try different things with your students until you find something that works for them.
8. Be patient with your students.
As anyone can tell you, keeping students engaged and stimulated is no easy task. Remember that young kids sometimes don't have very high attention spans, so it can be hard for them to sit still and focus at times. This is totally normal and okay!
It's essential to give them a break now and then and be patient with them. Your students can easily pick up whether you're annoyed or frustrated when something isn't clicking. And that makes matters worse.
Give them a short break every now and then. It'll make a difference!